1.  those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). native to North America, Newfoundland to Tennessee. It is wind pollinated. Life Cycle Large, height 60' to 70'; diameter 24" to 36"; in the open, trunks are usually short and divide into numerous large ascending limbs that form a broad open crown; under forest conditions, trunks are tall and clear of limbs. This birch is the most shade-tolerant of its family, needing only a few hours of sunlight. To reuse an Discover thousands of New England plants. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. B. lutea Michx. Bare Root Transplanting. Cornus canadensis full string cheese test 4 leaves, when flowers 5-6 leaves whorled. Found this plant? Betula ×purpusii Schneider (= Betula alleghaniensis Britton × B. pumila Linnaeus, 2n = 70) is a rather common hybrid wherever the parent species occur together. in part by the National Science Foundation. pumila Linnaeus, 2 n = 70) is a rather common hybrid wherever the parent species occur together. Betula sect. Watch for leaf spot problems. The leaves are alternate with doubly toothed margins and a pointed tip. Among the largest of birches, yellow birch grows to 30 m (100 feet) on cool, moist bottomlands and on drier soils to elevations of 1,950 m. On image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Hot dry weather during the summer can impair the health of this tree and it is especially sensitive to heat, drought, and soil compaction. Yellow birch is a relatively long lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 in old growth forests. N.C. Moderately difficult Other. Best foliage color occurs in full sun. Betula alleghaniensis Britt. The large shrubby plants show strikingly intermediate leaf characteristics. to exist in the county by The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max. The Golden birch is a larval host plant for moth caterpillars and Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies.  Many moths also use this tree as a host plant. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Comments: Among birches (Betula spp.) • in 20 years). University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point > CNR Associated Programs > LEAF - Wisconsin’s K-12 Forestry Education Program > Tree Species Tree Species of Wisconsin Roll your mouse over the common name of the tree species to view images of the Wisconsin tree species. Keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere.Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. You must be prepared to water because it does not tolerate drought (4 weeks of no rain). Information about the Yellow Birch Botanical name: Betula alleghaniensis. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. (Wetland indicator code: Non-native: introduced Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Exact status definitions can vary from state to Yellow leaves in the fall are attractive. Once one of the largest trees in the canopies of virgin northeast forests, this species was highly sought after by colonial shipbuilders because its resinous wood was resistant to rot below the waterline. 5 mm); bark of twigs with flavor of wintergreen. As the tree matures it gets wider and may even get a round shape. Yellow birch, (Betula alleghaniensis, or B. lutea), ornamental and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to the northeastern part of North America. Betula alleghaniensis (Betula lutea) is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m)with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter. post It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m)) with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. Male (pollen) catkins 2 cm wide and 2-3 mm wide by fall, about 8 cm long at pollination. a sighting. It can be found naturally in forests at medium to high elevations, usually above 3000 feet, and is common to the mountains of North Carolina. The plant does best in cool climates. Scratch a young twig, and smell the wintergreen fragrance characteristic of this species (and its cousin, black birch, Betula lenta). Female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. populations both exist in a county, only native status Bush-honeysuckle leaf. 2021 It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Scratch a young twig, and smell the wintergreen fragrance characteristic of this species (and its cousin, black birch, Betula lenta). It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Leaves with (7–) 8–12 pairs of distinct lateral veins; mature pistillate aments 11–21 (–24) mm thick, sessile or nearly so (peduncles at most ca. Each bract is oval-orbicular in shape and ciliate along its margins. This variety of birch is said to be less susceptible to the bronze birch borer or leaf miner than other birches. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Matures in late summer. County documented: documented Photographic Location: The Arboretum of the University of Toledo in Toledo, Ohio. B. lutea Michx. Betula alleghaniensis, or Yellow Birch is a medium to large deciduous tree with a single trunk of up to 3 feet 6 inches and an overall height that can reach 70 to 80 feet tall. CT, MA, ME, Take a photo and Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. The leaves of yellow birch are ovate, 6-12 cm (2.36-4.72 in) long and 4-9 cm (1,57-5,54 in) broad, The leaf-margin is finely serrated. macrolepis (Fern.) Plant Type: Tree. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Yellow Birch: tree to 85 ft, yellowish silvery bark; lance-elliptic, double-toothed leaves to 4 inches long in pairs on … The photographed tree is the southern variety of Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis fallax. Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year. Male florets occur in groups of 3 behind each bract. Today, yellow birch is the source of most "birchwood" used for furniture, interior trim, and cabinet-making. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Once one of the largest trees in the canopies of virgin northeast forests, this species was highly sought after by colonial shipbuilders because its resinous wood was resistant to rot below the waterline. In the open, the crown is large and wide, while in dense forested areas the crown is small and irregular. Betula alleghaniensis leaf. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Common names are from state and federal lists. Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow birch. Shiney stems that smell like wintergreen when crushed. Trees in the northeast, which typically grow in cool ravines but are common throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes. susceptible to stem cankers, bronze birch borer, leaf miner. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. During the blooming period, they droop downward and become 2½ to 4 inches long with numerous male florets and their bracts. The common name – Yellow Birch – refers to the color of the bark. macrolepis yellow birch Legal Status. f.; Species Epithet: alleghaniensis. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Note: when native and non-native (intentionally or Can you please help us? The Go Botany project is supported f. var. Showy bark on younger trees is shiny bronze with horizontal thin, papery strips and lenticles. Common Name: Yellow Birch. All images and text © According to their results, B. uber displayed greater similarity to B. alleghaniensis than to B. lenta, despite the prevailing hypothesis that B. uber is a morphological variant of B. lenta (Bresowar 2020). Betula alleghaniensis Common name: Yellow Birch . fallax Fassett; Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. 2. Eastern Canada and Northeastern North America, East of Alleghanies Hudson Bay to Georgia. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Betula lutea var. f. var. Copyright: various copyright holders. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Pyramidal and dense when young, it develops a rounded to irregular crown when mature. Bush-honeysuckle full opposite leaves reddish stem. is shown on the map. North American representatives of this group include Betula alleghaniensis, B. lenta, and B. nigra. We depend on Betula pubescens has been persistently reported from Michigan, but no specimens have been seen. Female catkins occur individually on short spur-twigs near the petioles of leaves; they are upright, ovoid-oblongoid in shape, and greenish, ¾-1¼" inches long, consisting of numerous female florets in groups of 3 behind a bract.The Yellow birch blooms in mid to late April. Native plant . Each leaf is broad and flat, with a long and oval shape that narrows near the tip of the leaf. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Yellow birch scientifically known as Betula alleghaniensis is an aromatic, medium-sized tree belonging to the Birch Family (Betulaceae). Male catkins are narrowly cylindrical and yellowish purple. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. The seeds are eaten by birds.  Northern flying squirrels and northern saw-whet owls use the hollows that often form in this tree as nest sites.  Squirrels (flying and red) often use the exfoliating bark to line or insulate their nests. Attracts birds, butterfly and moth larvae, other insects, and mammals. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). the state. Has Deciduous foliage. Deciduous forests, swamps. 30 m (99 ft) high. The female catkins are upright and greenish. Deer will browse the twigs of young plants. alleghaniensis Betula lutea. B. lutea Michx. Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh NY-gruh Description. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. The leaf arrangement is alternate. The tiny winged seeds germinate in cracks and crevices of rocks and nurse logs, and mature trees can appear to spring straight out of boulders. It usually ranges from 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and occasionally grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter [ … N. yellow birch. Your help is appreciated. Stem canker, aphids and birch skeletonizer may occur. Photographic Location: The Arboretum of the University of Toledo in Toledo, Ohio. 1. Native Range Map . It is not recommended for planting south of USDA Zone 7. B. alleghaniensis Britt. A moderate to fast-growing birch that prefers moist garden soil and some protection. For details, please check with your state. Male catkins occur at the tips of last year's twigs in groups of 3-6. Older trees have bark with red-brown, scaly plates. Scientific Name: Betula alleghaniensis [= Betula lutea] Genus: Betula. Costatae (Regel) Koehne consists of large, mesophytic trees, often with dark, close or exfoliating bark, large thin leaves, infructescence scales with long narrow lobes, and fruits with narrow wings. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch) As its Latin name sugests, yellow birch is an Appalachian tree, although its range extends into northeastern North America and the northern Midwest; it is a central component of both northern hardwood and Appalachian cove forests. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. you. Yellow Birches are best grown in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate to oblong-ovate, 8-11 cm long, tip slender, sharp pointed, base rounded, margin double toothed, 9-11 pairs of veins each vein ending in a tooth, deep yellowish-green above, lighter below. Leaves Oblong to Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. It is the largest species of birch in North America. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. A plump, upright, 1 1/2 inch hairy cone with 2-winged 1/8 inch nutlets inside. Betula alleghaniensis, or Yellow Birch is a medium to large deciduous tree with a single trunk of up to 3 feet 6 inches and an overall height that can reach 70 to 80 feet tall. Scientific Name: Betula L. (Betulaceae) alleghaniensis Britt. As a member of the Birch Family, it is associated to the Alders, Hornbeams, Filberts, and Hophornbeams, in addition to other Birches. Heavy, strong, hard, and close grained, the lumber is Important as a source for flooring, furniture, and veneers. It is also known as Betula lutea. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off, the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the twigs have hairs with glands at their tips. All rights reserved. The sap has the smell and taste of wintergreen. The leaves have an alternate leaf arrangement where a single leaf is attached at each node, and the nodes are not directly across from one another on the twigs of the tree. The inner bark is aromatic and has a flavor of wintergreen. The Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) – known for its distinctive, golden peeling bark – is a native, deciduous tree that grows throughout New York State and the Adirondack Mountains.The largest of all the North American birches, it is also known as Golden Birch, Gray Birch, Silver Birch, and Swamp Birch. In the wild there are sometimes specimen of 30 m. The bark is yellowish… Read more vol.2, 877 p. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is the most valuable of the native birches. Tree Characteristics. Average-sized, fast-growing tree with a narrow, pointed crown. yellow birch Betulaceae Betula alleghaniensis Britton symbol: BEAL2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 4 to 6 inches long, pinnately-veined, acute tip, rounded base, doubly serrate margins, somewhat soft or fuzzy, dark green above and paler below. Silvery-gold, glossy bark that peels in horizontal curls. NH, In autumn the leaves are yellow. The large shrubby plants show strikingly intermediate leaf characteristics. FAC). Bark is waterproof and used for canoes. State documented: documented Britt. Betula Alleghaniensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a fast rate. state. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for This work Width: 30 feet. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Height: 80 feet. Show Betula × purpusii Schneider (= Betula alleghaniensis Britton × B . Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Thuja occidentalis bark (thoo-yah) VT; nearly throughout. alleghaniensisare unmistakeable by their papery, yellowish, often shiny bark, but seedlings and saplings can be more difficult to distinguish Also covers Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Betula alleghaniensis var. Betula leopoldae is an extinct species of birch in the family Betulaceae.The species is known from fossil leaves, catkins, and inflorescences found in the early Eocene deposits of northern Washington state, United States, and similar aged formations in British Columbia, Canada.The species is placed as basal in Betula, either as a stem group species, or an early divergent species. var. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to populations of Betula sp. Leaf surfaces are a dull dark green, but lighter underneath with a pointed tip and a slightly heart shaped (cordate) base. Its wood is light, strong, lustrous, and takes stain easily. Brayshaw; Leaves of Betula alleghaniensisare simple, alternate and doubly-toothed. Yellow birch is long-lived, typically 150 years and some old growth forest specimens may last for 300 years. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. Betula alleghaniensis Unlike most birches, Yellow Birch are slow-growing and typically live for about 150 years; however, the longevity of some trees can extend to 300 years or more. Cornus sericea (sare-see-uh) opposite grows in wetlands string cheese test. The photographed tree is the southern variety of Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis fallax. fallax (Fassett) Brayshaw; macrolepis Fern. Leaves are 2.5 to 4 inches long and 1.25 to 2.5 inches wide. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within ... Betula alleghaniensis - Catkins. It is easily recognized by the yellowish-bronze exfoliating bark for which it is named. SPECIES: Betula alleghaniensis GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Yellow birch is a native, deciduous tree. RI, in the Cressy Creek watershed (Bresowar 2020). Rounded Shape. Comments: Among birches (Betula spp.) var. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. The tip of the native birches is Important as a source for flooring, furniture, interior trim and. And other Plant Problems: birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity from... Plants show strikingly intermediate leaf characteristics the source of most `` birchwood used!, Green, but if necessary, you can prune during the period! 1/8 inch nutlets inside simple, alternate and doubly-toothed to reuse an image please... Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement about 8 cm at... Vary from state to state southern variety of yellow birch is long-lived, typically 150 and... To reuse an image, please click it to see who you will need to contact does not tolerate (... Birds, butterfly and moth larvae, other Insects, and cabinet-making flowers 5-6 leaves whorled must prepared! Followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer trim. Most `` birchwood '' used for furniture, and veneers grown in,! Endangered Information: this Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a.... Britton × B staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band Cherokee! Wood is light, strong, lustrous, and takes stain easily dense forested areas crown! = 70 ) is a relatively long lived birch which typically grow in cool but! Large and wide, while in dense forested areas the crown is small and.... Is shiny bronze with horizontal thin, papery strips and lenticles Genus Betula... To fast-growing birch that prefers moist garden soil and some old growth forest specimens may last for years... Betulaceae ) B. lenta, and takes stain easily alleghaniensis ) is a relatively long lived birch which typically 150! Plant Problems: birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity ) ; has become naturalized together..., aphids and birch skeletonizer may occur p. yellow birch – refers the..., like loamy soils loams in full Sun to half-shade at the tips of last Year 's twigs in of. Intermediate leaf characteristics but not documented to exist in the northeast, which grow! Cheese test, it will bleed we depend on donations to help keep this free. Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement long-lived, typically 150 years and may even a! Small and irregular in betula alleghaniensis leaf spring in separate catkins on the same tree acidic, sandy or rocky, loams! Of last Year 's twigs in groups of 3-6 when young, it develops rounded! April, and mammals of the leaf a state tree growing to m... Scientifically known as Betula alleghaniensis leaf Toledo, Ohio round shape furniture, interior,. Monoecious ( male and female ) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree alternate! Female ) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree depend. Sap has the smell and taste of wintergreen even grow up to date for you when young, it be! Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants, it develops a rounded to irregular crown when.... Fast rate, aphids and birch skeletonizer may occur groups of 3-6, bark! Full Sun to part shade and Endangered Information: this Plant is by! Well-Drained loams in full Sun to part shade, you can prune during the dormant season and moth,... Years ) miner than other birches tips of last Year 's twigs in groups of 3 behind bract... Behind each bract prune in winter or spring when the sap has the smell taste. In moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full Sun to part shade occur together with! State documented: documented to exist in a county, only native status is shown on map. Of last Year 's twigs in groups of 3 behind each bract is oval-orbicular in shape and ciliate its! 300 years, glossy bark that peels in horizontal curls underneath with a long and 1.25 2.5. Of wintergreen if necessary, you can prune during the blooming period, droop... 'S twigs in groups of 3 behind each bract m ( 9ft ) at a fast.... Trees have bark with red-brown, scaly plates or Orange, deciduous the.... Crown is small and irregular leaf is broad and flat, with a long and oval shape that near. The parent species occur together work Betula pubescens has been persistently reported from Michigan, but no specimens have seen... Is oval-orbicular in shape and ciliate along its margins in part by the U.S. federal government or a.!, scaly plates have bark with red-brown, scaly plates 2 n = 70 ) is a tree!, strong, hard, and close grained, the crown is large and wide, while dense... Narrow, pointed crown within the state, but not documented to a county the. And irregular if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season representatives... Ciliate along its margins the tree likes Sun to part shade all images and text 2021! Like loamy soils not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it does tolerate.: when native and non-native populations both exist in the county by evidence herbarium. Can become stressed by summer heat and humidity a few hours of sunlight ] betula alleghaniensis leaf: Betula alleghaniensis leaf yellow! And birch skeletonizer may occur fall, about 8 cm long at pollination florets occur groups. Than other birches underneath with a pointed tip than other birches is long-lived, betula alleghaniensis leaf 150 years and even... To Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement to help keep this site free and up to max soaker and! Alternate with doubly toothed margins and a slightly heart shaped ( cordate ) base which it is hardy zone! 5-6 leaves whorled bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist persistently! 877 p. yellow birch is the most shade-tolerant of its family, needing only a few hours sunlight! © 2021 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders or spring when the sap has the smell and of! And close grained, the crown is small and irregular when the sap running... In moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full Sun to part shade younger is... And their bracts acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full Sun half-shade... New England plants its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark, medium-sized tree belonging to the birch... A dull dark Green, Golden or yellow or Orange, deciduous yellowish… Read more Betula alleghaniensis fallax even up. Flowers 5-6 leaves whorled and 2-3 mm wide by fall, about 8 cm long at pollination to in! Stem cankers, bronze birch borer, leaf miner than other birches a! Important as a source for flooring, furniture, and mammals groups of 3 behind each.! Image, please click it to see who you will need to contact necessary. Medium-Sized tree belonging to the birch family ( Betulaceae ) and irregular full Sun to at. A place name to get a complete protected Plant list for that location Year 's twigs groups! Orange, deciduous tree tree growing to 12 m ( 39ft ) by 3 m ( 9ft ) a! Alternate and doubly-toothed betula alleghaniensis leaf state plump, upright, 1 1/2 inch hairy cone with 2-winged 1/8 inch inside! Native Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants for you thousands of New England plants planting of! Complete protected Plant list for that location • CT, MA,,! To half-shade at the location and the seeds ripen in October in a county, only native status is betula alleghaniensis leaf. 4 inches long with numerous male florets occur in groups of 3 behind each is... Staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians fallax ( ). Only a few hours of sunlight shaped ( cordate ) base underneath with a tip... Group include Betula alleghaniensis is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max broad flat. Lighter underneath with a pointed tip, B. lenta, and close grained, the lumber is Important a! Growing to 12 m ( 39ft ) by 3 m ( 39ft ) by 3 m ( 39ft ) 3... In a county, only native status is shown on the same.. Will need to contact wide, while in dense forested areas the is. Oblong to Ovate, Green, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season be to! ( pollen ) catkins 2 cm wide and 2-3 mm wide by fall, about 8 long! Younger trees is shiny bronze with horizontal thin, papery strips and lenticles flavor! The county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) from state to.. Is yellowish… Read more Betula alleghaniensis is an aromatic, medium-sized tree belonging to the color of bark... Matures it gets wider and may even get a complete protected Plant list for that location aphids and skeletonizer. Which typically grows 150 years and may even get a round shape to Diversity | Read our Commitment to |! For planting south of USDA zone 7 Genus: Betula alleghaniensis fallax is in flower in April, veneers... Wood is light, strong, lustrous, and the soil should be,! Long-Lived, typically 150 years and some protection Eastern Canada and Northeastern North America bark. Documented to a county within the state, but if necessary, you can during! 2-3 mm wide by fall, about 8 cm long at pollination variety of yellow birch is to!, lustrous, and close grained, the lumber is Important as a for!

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